Airtel acquisition of Telenor India is credit positive: Research

NEW DELHI: Moody’s Investors Service said that Bharti Airtel’s acquisition of Telenor India is “credit positive” and will enhance the company’s position in the highly-competitive Indian mobile telecom market,

Yesterday, Bharti Airtel had entered into a definitive agreement with Telenor South Asia Investments to acquire Telenor (India) Communications (Telenor India, unrated), a wholly owned subsidiary of Telenor ASA (A3 stable) is credit positive.

According to the agreement, Bharti will acquire Telenor India’s operations in seven circles, including the transfer of all assets (including spectrum) and customers. The transaction is subject to regulatory approvals and expected to take 12 months to close.

“Following the proposed acquisition, Bharti’s spectrum holding will increase in seven circles, and its subscriber market share will increase by around 2% (based on December 2016 figures), enhancing the company’s leading market position in India’s highly competitive mobile telecommunications market, a credit positive, and providing further growth potential in these areas,” says Annalisa Di Chiara, a Moody’s Vice President and Senior Credit Officer.

Pro forma for the acquisition, Bharti’s mobile services subscriber base in India would increase by approximately 44 million to 310 million to give around 26% total customer market share, while Bharti’s revenues would increase around 5% for the 12 months ended 31 December 2016.

Importantly, Telenor’s 43.4MHz spectrum in the liberalized 1800MHz band across seven circles with 16 years remaining license period, will bolster Bharti’s spectrum footprint, service offering and network coverage.

“It’s a non-cash deal and although Bharti will take over outstanding spectrum payments and other operational contracts, including tower leases, we do not expect it will have a material impact on the company’s consolidated leverage. Bharti’s adjusted consolidated debt/EBITDA (including deferred spectrum liabilities) was 3.3x as of December 2016,” added DiChiara, also Moody’s lead analyst for Bharti.

The mobile market in India remains intensely competitive following Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited’s (unrated) launch in September 2016, providing all services free of charge in its temporary promotional entry proposition.

“Although we believe Jio’s recently announced tariff plan (beginning 1 April 2017) will improve industry-wide average revenue per user over the longer term, we still expect intense price competition to persist over the next few quarters, as incumbents such as Bharti, Vodafone India (unrated) and Idea Cellular respond in efforts to protect their subscriber market shares,” added Di Chiara.

“As a result, we expect that Bharti’s profitability will remain under pressure. However, cash proceeds from monetization activities — including divestments in subsidiaries such as Bharti Infratel (unrated) — will help reduce debt on an absolute and relative basis, such that adjusted debt/EBITDA trends towards 3.0x by June 2017, providing cushion to absorb shocks in profitability,” she said.

“Any delay in expected deleveraging will put negative pressure on the rating. Downward pressure could also arise if competition intensifies further in any of its key markets, but particularly for the Indian wireless business, such that its key operations and/or subsidiaries report materially declining margins,” added DiChiara.

“We would seek evidence of this trend with consolidated debt/EBITDA remaining at or above 3.25x; consolidated retained cash flow to adjusted debt remaining below 20%; or adjusted EBITDA margins falling below 35%. Furthermore, any unexpected adverse regulatory developments in any of Bharti’s key markets will also be negative for the rating,” she added.

“We would also view negatively any event risk associated with a sizeable debt financed acquisition or other corporate activity that negatively impacts the company’s existing or targeted leverage ratios,” saidDi Chiara.

The rating may experience upward pressure if Bharti’s overall credit profile continues to strengthen; in particular, Moody’s would like to see the company reduce consolidated adjusted debt/EBITDA (including deferred spectrum payment liabilities) to below 2.0x, and for consolidated adjusted retained cash flow to adjusted debt to exceed 30% on a sustained basis.

The principal methodology used in these ratings was Telecommunications Service Providers published in January 2017. Please see the Rating Methodologies page on for a copy of this methodology.

Founded in 1994, Bharti Airtel Ltd. is the third-largest operator globally based on total number of subscribers. As of December 2016, it had more than 365 million customers across operations in 18 countries across South Asia and Africa. Bharti listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange in 2002.


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