India's per capita GDP will grow by US$51 per year between 2010 and 2020 due to rising mobile phone subscriptions, according to Vodafone survey.
The survey was conducted by the Cologne Institute for Economic Research (IER Cologne) on behalf of the Vodafone Institute for Society and Communications.
According to the study, the mobile subscriptions' contribution to India's GDP per capita growth will be 11.4% (2010-2012), 4.9% (2012-2015) and 2.1% (2015-2020). Mobile devices contribute to economic growth due to their increased use, which has risen sharply.
The study indicated that mobile phones support democratic participation, increase gender equality and improve education opportunities, while also making a significant contribution to economic growth.
According to the IER Cologne experts' forecasts, mobile phones will continue to make a significant contribution to economic growth up to 2020.
"The study includes a survey by Vodafone analysts, which states there will be an estimated 69 mobile phone subscriptions for every 100 Indians in 2020. Indian citizens began using mobile phones much later than Europeans. In India and South Africa, rising mobile phone subscriptions accounted for 11% of economic growth and almost 20% in Egypt, between 2010 and 2012," the company mentioned in its statement.
The Vodafone Institute's study revealed that mobile technology has an even stronger impact on economic systems in developing nations. In these countries, for the first time ever mobile phones allow people the opportunity to communicate and do business across long distances. The fact that people have better access to information due to mobile phones has a positive effect on economic growth. For example, farmers receive information about the day's market prices or weather forecasts so they can make better decisions. Mobile communication infrastructure is a key one in these countries that allows establishment of economic institutions such as mobile banking services.
"The figures show that mobile technology isn't just driving economic growth, but also social progress. mobile phones are more than just communication tools. They give people the opportunity to participate in economic and social processes," said Dr Mark Speich, managing director, Vodafone Institute for Society and Communications.
The scientists discovered that mobile phone adoption has a positive impact on education, especially in developing countries. For example, there is a statistically significant increase in the United Nations Education Index with a higher level of mobile phone subscriptions. More mobile phones mean better access to education.
The development projects that explain crop growing and hygiene issues to people by SMS increase their level of education. Indirect effects have also been observed.
The mobile phones help people coordinate their (family) lives better, leaving more time for education. The education Index used for this analysis is part of the UN Human Development Index which measures the average number of years that children and adults spend in education in more than 180 countries.